Coriander is the most sought-after spice in the kitchen. Moreover, the flavors enhance when this herb is part of any Indian or continental dish. These fragrant and aromatically tasty leaves are suitable for making chutneys, curries, and salads.
Coriander leaves and dried seeds rich in vitamin C are wholly eatable. In addition, they make a great addition to traditional cooking recipes. Additionally, the leading coriander-producing states in India are:
- Andhra Pradesh
- Tamil Nadu
- Madhya Pradesh
Cultivating these aromatic and healthy leaves is easy if proper steps are followed, and effective farm machinery like Farmtrac 45 is added to prepare and cultivate the land.
Health Benefits of Consuming Coriander Leaves
Coriander leaves have ample health benefits as follows:
- These green plants help regulate ideal blood sugar levels.
- They are also helpful in curing coughs and cold conditions.
- They can help in keeping skin healthy by treating various disorders.
- The plant also helps maintain the ideal cholesterol level in the blood.
- One can also eat it to cure diarrhoea and any related symptoms
Technical Factors Required to Sow, Plant & Harvest Coriander
Here are a few tips and considerations to keep in mind for farming high-yielding coriander crops.
- Soil & Climate Conditions
The ideal soil type for coriander is well-drained loamy soil. However, the ideal ph range between 6-8 is suitable for growing this nutritive plant.
Coriander plants can easily thrive in dry and cool weather. Moreover, just keep in mind this plant is not at all tolerant to any frost. Therefore, the coriander plant can grow in temperatures between 20-30 degrees C.
- Seed Management
The whole seeds are not viable for sowing as they won’t germinate. Thus, it’s better if they are cut in halves prior to sowing. Ideally, the seeds start germinating within 1-2 weeks of sowing. The ideal seed rate is:
- 20-25kg/ha in rainfed crop conditions.
- 10-12kg/ha in irrigated crop conditions.
Germination will be effective if seeds are soaked in water for 12 hours before sowing. Moreover, treat this plant’s leaves with Azospirillium @1.5 kg/ha for better yield. Additionally, to prevent these seeds safe from wilt disease, treat the seeds with Trichoderma viride in the quantity of about 50kg/ha.
- Land Preparation
Before the arrival of the monsoon, the rainfed areas require ploughing almost 3-4 times. Hence, once the monsoon is over, the plantation should begin immediately. Doing this will help break the clods and prevent excess soil moisture accumulation. Moreover, quality tractors like Farmtrac 60 powermaxx are ideal for preparing the land.
The land needs ploughing 2-3 times for irrigated crops until the fine tilth is achieved. Furthermore, beds and channels are highly useful for quick drainage and mixing of soil.
Moreover, the spacing between split this seeds should be 20cmX15cm. And to avoid the disruption of herbicides, applying Fluchloralin of 700 ml diluted in 500 litres of water per ha is highly suitable.
- Fertiliser and Manure
After the sowing for the irrigated crop, the top dressing should be 10kgN/ha for 1 month. Furthermore, farm yard manure of 10 tons/ha is suitable in the following quantities for rainfed and irrigated crops:
- P- 40 Kg.
- N – 10 Kg.
- K – 20 Kg.
- Irrigation Facilities
1st irrigation is done immediately after sowing. Additionally, second irrigation should be given on 3rd day. And further irrigation should be planned after 6-10 days of intervals. One can avoid irrigation in the rainy season.
- Harvesting of Coriander
When the coriander fruits are green and beginning to dry, they are ready to harvest. Additionally, the plants are ready for harvesting within 30-35 days of planting. Furthermore, the plants require drying and thrashing using small sticks.
The average yield of coriander grain is 6-7 tonnes per ha. Moreover, the irrigated coriander grain can yield up to 500-600 kg/ha. And for rainfed coriander grain, the yield is 300-400 kg/ha.
Frequently Asked Questions on Coriander Farming in India
- How much time does a coriander plant take to grow?
Ans. Coriander crop matures in about 40-45 days. The best thing about this crop is that it can grow as an intercrop adjacent to other varieties of crops.
- What is the best season to grow coriander?
Ans. Coriander is suitable for sowing from June to July and October-November.
- What is the lifespan of coriander leaves?
Ans. Spring season is not ideal for planting as the crop will bolt and run towards seeds. If grown properly, they can grow for up to 6 months and up to 75cm tall. The best part about this crop is that they can regrow even after cutting.