Roseola in babies

Roseola in babies

Roseola in babies is a more common ailment than we imagine and does not have a specific treatment beyond antipyretics to reduce fever.

What is?

Roseola is also known as exanthema subitum or sixth disease . It is a typical childhood disease, benign and caused by a virus.


It is a disease caused by a virus: herpes virus type 6 that causes high fever and skin rash .

It is a very common disease, affecting 30% of children between 4 and 24 months of life. In older children it can also appear, although it is not as frequent.


The incubation period ranges between 5 and 15 days .

Roseola can be easily diagnosed when the exanthema or rash appears. The most characteristic is the presence of high fever accompanied by a good general condition of the child. The fever usually lasts 3 or 4 days . When the fever disappears, the child develops a rash, some pink pimples on the chest, face and limbs. The peeling lasts a couple of days.

Exanthema subitum cannot be diagnosed until the rash appears. Initially, the pediatrician will diagnose the child with an upper respiratory tract infection ( otitis or cold).


As it is a viral disease , there is no specific treatment and the only thing that should be done is to treat the fever with antipyretics.

Once the rash has passed, the child can lead a normal life and go to school or nursery.

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