The black turmeric crop is mainly grown medicinally. Its plants are the shape of a banana in appearance. Black turmeric is also known as Narkachur. Black turmeric is most commonly used for curing disease and for cosmetics. Its plant is about 30-60 cm high, and its leaves are broadly circular. On its upper surface, circular blue and purple mid-vein are made.
Its plants grow in the form of leaves, and the size of the leaves coming out of it is equal to that of banana leaves. Black turmeric plants require more rainfall or a hotter climate to grow well. Its crop is mainly grown in Central India and South India. Due to which farmer brothers prefer to cultivate black turmeric, black turmeric is sold reasonably. Moreover, the farmtrac 45 tractor is suitable for all farming tasks.
Soil, Climate & Temperature
Black turmeric can be cultivated in any average fertile land, but it should not be enabled in waterlogged ground. P.H. of the land in its cultivation. The value should be between 5-7. A temperate and moist climate is required for a good crop of black turmeric. Its plants get scorched in the hot environment, due to which the development of the plant stops completely, but the winter and rainy seasons are considered suitable for the growth of its plant. Moreover, Mahindra offers many advanced models. Similarly, Swaraj 742 is appropriate for farmers.
Black turmeric plants require an average temperature to grow well; their tubers require a temperature of 20 to 25 degrees to germinate. At the time of plant growth, it is a minimum of 10 degrees and a maximum of 38 degrees. Can tolerate the temperature.
The field should be well prepared for the cultivation of black turmeric. For this, first of all, the area should be well ploughed deeply, due to which the remnants of the old crop will be destroyed. After this, the field should be left like this for some time so that the soil will get sunlight properly. After ploughing, 15 to 17 carts of old rotten cow dung in the field should be mixed well in the ground since the cultivation of black turmeric is done medicinally.
Therefore, organic manure is considered more useful for its crop, but the farmers who want to use chemical fertilisers. First, the amount should be sprinkled in the area. After adding manure to the field’s soil, two to three slant ploughing of the field should be done to mix it well. After this, water should be applied to the area. After some time of ploughing, after the soil of the field dries up, ploughing should be done by using a rotavator. After this, level the area by putting a pad in the field, so there is no problem with waterlogging.
Two methods do transplantation of black turmeric plants. Its plants are transplanted first in the form of tubers and second in the form of plants. For transplanting in the form of tubers, about 20 quintals of tubers are required in one hectare of field. After that, they should be planted in the area. While transplanting the tubers, make sure that the tubers are entirely healthy.
Meadow is prepared in the field for transplanting as a plant. For this, there should be a distance of one to one and a half feet between each weed and 25 to 30 cm between each plant. The rainy season is considered more suitable for transplanting its tubers because, during this time, its plants get an appropriate environment to grow.
Black turmeric plants require more irrigation. Its tubers are transplanted in moist soil. For this, the first irrigation should be done immediately after transplanting the tuber. In the summer season, its plants require irrigation in 10 to 12 days, while in the winter, its plants should be watered in an interval of 15 to 20 days. Its plants should be watered only when needed during the rainy season.
Chemical methods should not be used for weed control in black turmeric crops. For this, weeding should be done only in a natural way to control the weeds. The first weeding of its plants should be done after 25 to 30 days of transplanting. After this, two to three more weeding should be done at an interval of 20 days. Whenever weed is seen in the field, it should be weeded.