If agriculture is done from a commercial point of view, then good profit can be earned from it. But still, most of the farmers in India have been cultivating traditional crops, due to which they are getting only a limited amount of profit. Good profit can be earned if the farmer grows fruits, vegetables or flowers along with traditional crops. Today we are talking about such a flower, by cultivating which farmers can become rich. Moreover, for its land preparation Eicher 380 is the best tractor model.
What Is Geranium Farming?
Geranium is a type of aromatic plant. This plant is also called the rose of the poor. Oil is extracted from the flowers of geranium, which is used for many other uses along with medicine. Geranium oil smells like roses. It is used in making aromatherapy, cosmetics, perfumes and scented soaps.
Medicinal Benefits Of Geranium
Geranium oil is also used as a medicine. Using its oil reduces the problem of Alzheimer’s, nervous pathology and disorders. Additionally, its use is also said to be beneficial in conditions like acne, inflammation and eczema. It also reduces the effects of ageing. Additionally, its use is also considered helpful in damaging muscles, skin, hair and teeth.
Benefit of Geranium Cultivation
According to an estimate, the demand for geranium is 120-130 tonnes per annum, and its production in India is only 1-2 tonnes. Therefore, considering the demand, geranium can be cultivated in North India. This can also double the income of the farmers. Explain that a subsidy is also given from the government for the cultivation of geranium.
Geranium cultivation can be done even in a place with less water. Moreover, Geranium is a low-water crop that requires very little water to grow. It can be cultivated in a place where there is less rainfall. It can be produced in areas where rain is between 100 to 150 cm.
Climate And Soil For Geranium Farming
All types of climates are considered good for their cultivation. But a mild climate with low humidity is considered best for its good yield. Therefore, geranium should be cultivated in the area where the annual climate is 100 to 150 cm. In contrast, if we talk about the soil, then sandy loam and dry soil are considered suitable for its cultivation. The pH of the soil should be 5.5 to 7.5. Also, Swaraj 742 is another suitable tractor for farming.
Geranium Farming Field Preparation
After doing two or three ploughings of the field with the help of a tractor. After this, the field should be levelled with a pat. Apart from this, a proper arrangement should be made for the drainage of water in the field. Please note that this is a long-term cultivation. In this, the farmers should keep in mind that the plant should be prepared properly so that there is no possibility of any damage to it.
How To Prepare Geranium Plant
The month of March is considered best for its cultivation. Plants should be planted in poly houses in the month of March. It should be kept in a poly house for six months. Keep in mind one thing: rainwater does not fall from these. But irrigation should be continued as needed. After six months, when these plants grow up, 10 cuttings can be cut from one plant. In this way, the number of plants you have increased. Then, you can plant it on your farm.
How To Transplant Geranium Plant
After 45 to 60 days in the prepared field, 50 cm-50 cm. The plant should be planted at a distance. Before planting, the plant should be treated with Thiram or Bavistin so that fungal diseases do not harm the plant.
Fertilizers For Geranium Cultivation
Three hundred quintals of cow dung should be applied per hectare for good growth of geranium. Apart from this, nitrogen should be given at the rate of 150 kg, phosphorus 60 kg and potash at the rate of 40 kg per hectare. Full amounts of potash and phosphorus should be given at the time of the last ploughing of the field. In contrast, nitrogen should be given at an interval of 15 to 20 days in the ratio of 30 kg.
Irrigation System For Geranium
The first irrigation of the geranium plant should be done after transplanting the plants. After this, irrigation should be given at an interval of 5 to 6 days according to the weather and the nature of the soil. Keep in mind that geranium is a low-water crop, so it should only be irrigated as required. When this happens, the plant’s chance of getting root rot disease increases.
Harvesting Geranium Leaves
It should be harvested when the plant has matured leaves. By the way, after three to four months, the plant leaves come to the maturity stage. When the leaves grow, the first harvesting of the leaves should be done. When harvesting, the leaves should not be yellow or with excess juice.
Expenditure And Income In Geranium Cultivation
The cost of a geranium crop is about 80 thousand rupees per hectare. At the same time, the income from this can be around 2.5 lakh rupees. This way, a net profit of 1 lakh 70 thousand rupees can be earned from one hectare by cultivating geranium.