To feed your baby with formula we need bottles and teats. Formula milks can be liquid (ready to drink) or powdered (they require preparation with water and are cheaper).
Powdered milk must be prepared with water. It is recommended that the water be bottled and weakly mineralized (with few mineral salts).
Milk can be prepared with water at room temperature or lukewarm (body temperature, about 37ºC). It is not necessary to boil the water, if we use bottled water.
Previously, we have to wash our hands well. Normally for every 30 ml we have to add a level scoop of powdered milk. Diluted bottles (with fewer milk scoops) or highly concentrated bottles (adding more scoops than recommended) should not be prepared as they can cause health problems for the baby.
We will shake the mixture well so that there are no lumps and we will always check the temperature (lukewarm, not hot) by pouring a few drops on the wrist.
It is not advisable to leave the bottles prepared in advance, as they can become contaminated. For the same reason, milk from a bottle that the baby has not finished in a previous feed should not be reused.
If you are going to be away from home for a few hours, it is best to take the water and the powder separately, not to bring the mixture made from home.
Bottles and teats
It is not necessary to sterilize bottles or other preparation utensils, a thorough cleaning with soap and hot water, or a dishwasher, is sufficient.
There are different types of bottles and teats, we have to take into account the preferences of the baby. Bottles can be glass or plastic. When the baby begins to want to take the bottle, it should be safe and not break. The teats can be made of silicone or rubber, they vary according to the age of the baby and each commercial house manufactures them in a different way. Silicone teats should not be used when the child has teeth as they can be bitten and broken. Keep in mind that the hole in the teat should not be too small or too large to let out an adequate flow of milk for the baby.
During the first few months, feeding the baby is very frequent, so we must try to make it a pleasant moment for both of us. The baby must be comfortable, in a quiet environment with dim light and without loud noises.
We have to position ourselves comfortably, with our backs straight and with the arm with which we are going to hold the baby resting on a cushion. We must place the baby slightly upright to prevent choking. Do not give the bottle stretched out in the crib.
It is highly recommended that you change the baby’s arm at each feeding (this is what is done naturally with breastfeeding).
When the baby begins to suck on the teat, hold the bottle so that the milk fills the entire teat and thus prevents the child from swallowing air.